ABOUT PERUVIAN PASO HORSE
Before the 1600's, most of the riding horses in the world were naturally-gaited breeds. Trotting horses used as pack animals or servant's mounts. Most people knew very little about riding and most traveling was done by horseback, making a smooth riding horse a necessity. Even the Knights - who rode huge trotting type horses for battle - often kept an easy gaited horse to ride when traveling, leading his trotting horse along behind.
As roads were built, and people began to travel by horse-drawn vehicles rather than on horseback, a decreased need and use for gaited horses resulted since trotting horses were more suitable for pulling wheeled vehicles. At about the same time horses became important for working cattle as great expanses of land were devoted to cattle raising and horse racing gained in worldwide popularity placing even more emphasis on breeding trotting horses. As the seventeenth century opened, it was unusual to see a horse that trotted but at the close of the same century, it was unusual to see a horse that did not trot. It was one of the most unusual transformations seen in horse breeding history.
As horsemen of the world were making the transition from gaited horses to trotting breeds, on the other side of the world, in the country of Peru, the Peruvian horsemen continued breeding their naturally gaited "Caballo Peruano de Paso".
The Peruvian Horse descended from foundation bloodstock that was brought to Peru directly from Spain by Spanish noblemen and political authorities during Peru's colonial period when Lima was the center of Hispanic America. The Spanish were recognized as foremost horse breeders in the world. They took to Peru the horses that were an ancient form of the Andalusian horse – primarily Spanish Jennets of Cartujana blood.
These horses bought to Peru are said to have been a blend of several breeds: the Barb, which gave the ancient Spanish horse a tendency to amble, contributed to its conformation, striking colors, and energetic but tractable temperament; high action and head carriage, proud but cooperative temperament, low set tail and abundant mane and tail. The Spanish Jennet gave the Peruvian horse an even nature, its lateral gait, extremely smooth ride, and sloping shoulders.
It is said that the Peruvian Horse breed actually began about 1530 A.D. as the modern Jennet. 450 years of isolation, selective breeding, and such factors as climate and forage served to modify succeeding generations. A new breed was created which possesses characteristics that are different from those of any other horse in the world. The Peruvian Horse has evolved as one of the purest breeds in the world and as a unique entity in the horse kingdom. The existence of this breed has been called...."the greatest triumph of genetic selection ever achieved by a group of breeders."
The Peruvian breed has the unique characteristic of being the only natural laterally gaited breed in the world that can guarantee its inherited trademark gait to 100% of its offspring.
In recent years, horsemen have begun to rediscover the pleasures of the natural, easy-gaited horses. Horse fanciers of all ages from many nations are turning to the Peruvian horse as an ideal mount for the Twentieth Century horseman. A long standing Peruvian practice of not breeding animals that have unsuitable dispositions, has made the tractable temperament of the Peruvian horse one of the world's best.
He is also one of the showiest horses because of the beauty, arrogance with inner pride and energy that makes him travel with a style and carriage as if he is always "on parade". And individuals who thought they would never ride again due to injuries and age are riding today with the greatest of pleasure.
The trademark of the Peruvian horse is a special, inherited, completely natural, four beat lateral gait. Called Paso Llano, it is a type of broken pace that makes the Peruvian horse the smoothest riding horse in the world. A unique, spectacular and beautiful natural action of the front legs that is highly desired and universal in the Peruvian breed is called "termino".
Put simply, termino is similar to the arm motions of a swimmer in which the foreleg rolls forward and toward the outside before stepping down, which also allows the hind foot to advance sooner and farther than would otherwise be possible. The gait can be as slow as a walk or as fast as an extended trot or slow canter and is completely natural - the gait is not induced or aided in any way by artificial training or devices. Naturalness of the Peruvian horse is so emphasized that competitions in Peru and the United States require the Peruvian horse be shown without shoes and with a short, natural hoof.
The average height of the Peruvian Horse is between 14 and 15.2 hands, and the weight is commonly between 900 and 1,100 pounds, about the same as Morgans and Arabians. The head shows power and vigor, with a straight line or slightly concave profile, strong at the bottom with outthrust jaw and is carried steady and firmly. The ears are alert, of medium length, graceful, mobile with fine tips curved slightly inwards; the eyes are expressive, dark, elongated, wide set; the nostrils are long, sensitively dilated. The neck is of medium length with a gracefully arched crest. It is set high and runs well back into discretely marked withers. The mane and forelock are naturally fine, long and lustrous. The body is well-proportioned, length to height, medium-size, with strong, well developed, deep and wide thorax, a well-arched rib cage with a short, wide girth, the joining of the shoulder blades being smooth and level with the croup. The chest is well-proportioned, strong, wide and well muscled. The back is short to medium in length, strong and rounded. The bottom line of the barrel runs nearly horizontal. The limbs are solid and firm and stand in proper alignment. The shoulder is long and very well inclined with an open angle at the elbow giving the front limbs free and graceful movement. Proper joining is the basis of the animal's correct alignment and poise, and the width and strength of the joints are indispensable for proper movement of all these parts. The arms are normally short and muscular.
The forearm is long and muscular at the top, and slimmer below. The knees should both be well-modeled, with slightly convex rear face. The cannon bone is short with well defined sinew. At the hindquarters, the thigh should be well-joined to the croup and rump, showing powerful but not excessive contraction. The leg muscles should be outstanding, the rump rounded down to the thigh but not too low. The hocks should be well-formed and defined, tending inwards, with strong, lean bone structure, and well balanced proportions. The tail should start rather low, carried quietly, close to the rump, and be long and fine. The leg bone and shanks, called the gaskin, should form a sufficient angle to give it support, leaning towards the center of gravity most of the time. The shanks are short, strong, with good bones, strong tendons, well implanted and defined, the fetlocks strong and lean, well-outlined with precise contours and rather sharply angled, the pasterns strong, medium length, fine and clearly defined, and springy with a slope equal to that of the shoulder. The hooves should be hard, well rounded, concave inner sole, and a long, wide and prominent frog, and of good size proportionate to the horse with sloping walls and sufficient high heels to permit the proper projection of the angle of the pasterns.
The Peruvian Horse, because of its direct link to the Barb horse, comes in an array of striking color tones and shades, coming in all basic solid colors and all dilute colors as well as greys and roans.
STANDARD(PATRON) OF PERUVIAN PASO HORSE (For ANCPCPP)
The Peruvian Paso Horse, Peru's own bloodstock, began its development from the time the Spanish arrived in Peru and their horses.
Their racial ancestry combined with geography, environment, function and free selection of crosses with alien races, the air or floors adecuaron * derivatives amble their traveling characteristics.
This race is unique in that its walking comfort gives the rider. The verve, the nobility and arrogance, coupled with the willingness, are characteristic of the breed.
The National Horse is an equine mediolíneo type chair and harmonious in form, with good correlation between parts having an average elevation of 1.48 m. for males and 1.47 m. for females.
The proportions in its forms, together with the angular characteristics of the race, allowing the Peruvian Paso Horse characteristic move in their air or floors *, which is made predominantly of lateral bipeds with ornaments acuity (elevation), term and extension in the forelimbs and ground movement in later. The Peruvian Paso (Flat) is heritable and has been fixed by selection as a feature in the race, so their offspring inherit this swing mechanics.
Subconvex predominantly construction (with rectilinear trend) in your region frontonasal plus elegant, expressive, gritty and must disclose their gender in their general characteristics. It has a length of between 59cm and 61cm between the headboard and the upper lip, the width between the ears and between 11cm to 13cm apophysis 16cm to 18cm orbitals. Strong at the base, with cheeks well defined fine and compressed at its lower end, measuring 8 cm to 9 cm between the ends of the nostrils and spaced 6cm intermaxillary to 9cm. The forehead is broad and flat. Ears moderately long, thin and mobile. The dark oval eyes and lively, placed laterally to the side slightly oblique position. The nostrils, sinuous, elongated, laterally oriented and expandable. The mouth, plump lips, is proportionate to the size of the head, with an angle of between 8cm and 10cm.
Must be defined by sex, thin manes, abundant, long and lustrous. The neck has a length of 60cm measure average midpoint of the junction of the head to the neck (Atlas) and the midpoint of the scapula (shoulder).
It has a markedly cervical line slightly convex in males and in the case of females, being shorter and less straight line (ventral) for both sexes. The lower end of the neck should be wide and sturdy, well attached to the scapula and chest, having a union in the shoulder joint that allows flexibility and range of motion.
The Peruvian Paso Horse has a range of height between 1.44 m. and 1.51 m. for males and 1.43 m. to 1.49 m. for females. The thoracic perimeter is 1.77 m. to 1.80 m., females having a perimeter greater than males.
The males have a length close to the pasture, these measures being taken from the junction scapular - humeral (shoulder) to the vertical line on the edge of the buttock.
The distance from the withers to the sternum called depth, is similar to the sub-sternal height (distance between the sternum and the ground), with females somewhat deeper than males. The land is close to racial characteristic.
The cross is reflected in the joint of the shoulder blades, being the largest apophyses (cross) which should be level with the croup forming a catenary loin relative to no more than 8 cm. light. The chest should be broad in the range of 34 cm. to 36 cm. as measured between the tips of the shoulders, robust and without excessive protrusion.
The back, moderately short, slightly straight and well connected with the anterior third and lower back. The bone box is wide and deep, with arched ribs and a proper sub-sternal region parallel to the ground.
Lomo or kidney (lumbar area)
The back should be of good muscle coverage, short and well connected to both the back and the rump.
Round Rump, provided, wide and inclined low birth determines a queue, whose insertion must be below the imaginary line that runs horizontally across the tip of the haunch.
Birth of tail (coccygeal area)
The root of the tail is set low, with thin mane, long and flowing. Carried still and tight to the buttocks when walking, and these are characteristics of the breed.
The back should be of good length and angle (58 ° to 62 ° from the horizontal) and must be attached to a solid chest muscles.
The arm is short and muscular.
The forearm is long, muscular top, tapering towards the bottom and a length between 39 cm. and 42 cm.
The knee should be well defined in its forms; wide, without deviation, well molded and the front slightly convex. The back edge should be prominent emaciated and sides to allow proper insertion of the tendons.
The anterior rod (metacarpus) must have a length ranging between 26 cm. and 29 cm. with a circumference between 17 cm. to 19 cm., with defined tendons and ligaments.
Knots or giblets are stark and sharp shapes. The fetlocks are sparsely populated, denoting fineness.
The pasterns should be strong and the circumference is an inch smaller than the perimeter of the cane and a long reference between 9 cm and 11 cm.
The hindquarters should reveal a whole power and ability to contract and extension.
The buttock should be rounded in harmony with the thigh.
The thigh should be moderately muscled.
The leg should have a prominent musculature.
The hock (tibio-metatarsal) should be well shaped, defined and broad having a strong bone construction and sharp in outline, keeping the balance and proportion of its parts. In this joint forms an interior angle (layering) whose size must be between 137 ° and 142 °, this angle being a characteristic of the breed.
The posterior pole (metatarsus) should be clear, with sinews strong, well established and defined. The perimeter of the posterior pole is between 18cm and 20cm.
The posterior knot is similar to the previous one.
The subsequent pages, solid long between 9cm and 11cm and 17cm to 20cm circumference.
The helmet should be of good development, provided the animal's body, topped by a leading and prominent wheel covered with short hairs. The hull is planted on his face concave contours and a padlock regular length, width and prominent corneal hard, dark, strong and bright. The hoof wall should be inclined to have an angle of between 48 º and 51 º degrees, with its axis projection of the pastern and with a length of wall between 8cm and 10cm in the past. In general, subsequent hulls have small differences in size and inclination in relation to the above.
With the issue at rest, the axes of the above guidelines should be an imaginary line perpendicular to the ground passing through the middle of the forearm, knee, cane, the pastern and the hoof. The hulls of the post in this breed are smaller distance between them than hulls above the ground forming a figure trapezoidal.
Rear View Also the rear axles follow guidelines of the middle part of the hock, the cane, the pastern and the hoof.
Support points (helmet) should be under the body mass, defining a condition of horse slightly "tucked" in the forelimbs and "layered" in the post, having the perpendicular passing through the edge of the buttock touching the tip Hock, constituting another figure trapezoidal joint.
Such aplomb by its functional, must be maintained during the displacement of individuals (apreciándoseles shaped front and back).
The layers or coats are varied, existing copies of simple and compound coats. Animals with albinism marked factors, are discriminated against and are discarded albinos, pious and speckled. ( *ANCPCPPA does not discriminated against any color, not like ANCPCPP, 27/9/13)
DEFECTS (* New Update for breed standard registry with ANCPCPPA)
Conformational defects such as rope walking can be discriminated against if the rope walking is classed as severe intermediate and up, horses maybe be deregistered, and maybe rejected to receive a breeding permit in the result of inspection of the vet, which is compulsory from 3 years old and up.
Peruvian Paso (Flats)
Hypometria jobs define our horse made in your measurements, proportions and angles that have adequate through the centuries for its natural gait.
In this gait, which characterize the Peruvian Paso and that differentiate it from the other races, are the supports of the dominating side bipedal movement, initiating the movement for perfect balance and amble, and then, breaking the amble , breaking the eight classical paintings forming step.
These are supplemented gait which distinguish them, the ornaments of the forelegs, sharpness (lift), and term extension.
The naturalness and harmony of its mechanical motion, following the existing functional morphological correlation, the brilliance in his walk, the gain of land in each beat, produced by the jam at different degrees, free vertical movement, make it a horse in the saddle singular softness without losing the trappings own race.
They are fine race gait which range from the first dissociation isochronous amble to step four stroke or plain natural. Being disposed gait entire range of air tending diagonal.
Phenotypic characteristics, floors and temperament together constitute the pattern of Breed.
* Floors. - Peruvianism indicating movement patterns derived from the amble, breed characteristics of the Peruvian Paso Horse (RM -0411-90-AG/DGG).
Photo's used on this site are taken by Esteban Huaman & Mylene Madueno @2010/2013